Kidney Care (Nephrology)

Nephrology relates to study of kidneys, kidney disease, preservation of kidney health, and treatment of kidney disease, from diet, medication to renal replacement therapy. Nephrologists specifically treat diseases that affect the kidneys and their ability to function, such as diabetes or kidney failure.

Some of the most Common Kidney Ailments include : Chronic Kidney Disease, Acute Kidney Injury, Stones, Infections, Cysts and Cancer.

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Chronic Kidney Disease is the most common ailment to strike kidneys. It is a long-term condition caused by high blood pressure and is difficult to cure. High blood pressure can exert pressure on the glomeruli, which are tiny blood vessels in the kidneys where blood is cleaned. Pressure can damage these vessels and the patient may require regular dialysis. Dialysis filters extra fluid and waste out of the blood. Dialysis can help temporarily but cannot cure completely. A Kidney transplant may be the next option resorted to. Diabetes too can cause chronic kidney disease. It results in increased level of sugar in the blood vessels, which hampers proper functioning of the kidneys by overloading with toxins.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are a common kidney problem. These occur when minerals and other substances in the blood crystallize in the kidneys, forming solid masses (stones). Kidney stones usually come out of the body during urination. Passing kidney stones can be extremely painful, but they rarely cause significant problems.


This condition refers to the damage to the tiny filters inside the kidneys. It is usually caused by the immune system attacking the healthy body tissues.Glomeruli are tiny structures inside the kidneys that filter the blood. Infections, drugs, or congenital abnormalities can cause Glomerulonephritis. It often gets better on its own.

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Polycystic kidney disease

This is a genetic disorder in which numerous cysts or sacs of fluidgrow in the kidneys. These can interfere with kidney function and cause kidney failure. Individual kidney cysts are common and normally harmless. Polycystic kidney disease is a separate, more serious condition.

Urinary tract infections

UTIs are bacterial infections of any part of the urinary system. Infections in the bladder and urethra are the most common. They are easily treatable and rarely lead to serious health problems. However, if left untreated, these infections can spread to the kidneys and cause kidney failure.

The Department of Nephrology at Himalayan Hospital is well known for its kidney transplant expertise. It is amongst the leaders in achieving transplant outcomes in northern India. A highly dedicated team of nephrologists here is at the forefront of care in the field of kidney care. Internationally recognized experts use validated innovations to successfully treat patients with kidney failures and complexities of diabetes and other ailments. They use specialized treatments, combining minimally invasive surgery with new machines. The department performs a large number of kidney transplants at any given time.

Contact us with queries

Transplant experts at Himalayan Hospital are available to answers your queries about the transplant process and post-transplant life.